Disabilities: Services and supports for people with a disability
Service and support for people with disabilities are those government or institutional services and supports specifically provided to enable people with disabilities to participate in society and community life. Some of these services and support are required or required by law, some are aided by technologies that have made it easier to provide the service or support, and others are commercially available not just to people with disabilities, but to anyone who can make use of them.
Services for people with developmental disabilities
Developmental disabilities, as defined by the Agency for Developmental Disabilities website, are “serious and permanent disabilities attributable to mental and/or physical disabilities that manifest before age 22 and may continue indefinitely. They result in substantial limitations in three or more of the following areas: self-care, understanding and language, skills (receptive and expressive language), learning, mobility, self-direction, capacity for independent living, economic self-sufficiency, or ability to function independently without coordinated services (continuous need for individually planned and coordinated services).
People with developmental disabilities use individually planned and coordinated services and supports of their choice (eg housing, employment, education, protection of civil and human rights, health) to live and participate in community activities. “These services and support are different in each state and there is currently no portability for many of these services from state to state.
The mission of the Administration on Developmental Disabilities (ADD), as quoted on its website, “ensures that individuals with a developmental disability and their families participate in the project and have access to culturally competent community services needed, individualized support, and other forms of assistance that promote self-determination, independence, productivity, and integration and inclusion in all facets of community life.” Although many supports and services for people with a developmental disability are offered by other federal and state agencies, as well as nonprofit and for-profit organizations, some of the ADD Programs / Partners are:
- State Councils for Developmental Disabilities
- State protection and defense systems
- National Network of University Centers for Excellence in Education, Research and Services for Developmental Disabilities
- Minority Partnership
- National Training Initiatives
- Projects of national importance
- Special Emergency Preparedness Initiatives
- Family Support 360
- Demonstration projects for family support and community access
- Independent Evaluation Information
- Medicaid Reference Desk
- National Autism Information and Resource Center
- State of States in Developmental Disabilities
- Access to integrated employment
- National Residential Information System (RISP) Project
- voting project
- Youth Information, Training, and Resources Center.
Services for the blind
- Guide dogs are allowed in buildings, buses, trains, and other places where pets are not allowed.
- Reserving the use of a white pipe for blind individuals only.
- Using cell phone cameras take pictures of the change after a transaction, so it can be told by a sighted person who verifies by the tone of voice that the change is correct.
- Translation of new work to braille or speaking books, or using text-to-speech translators.
- Availability of these in a Public library and other public institutions, and in a boot image configured for use by a person with a disability.
Services for the visually impaired
- large sourcebooks
- Basic operating system and boot image configuration utilities that configure computers with large bold fonts and high contrast color matching desktop schemes.
Services for the hearing impaired
- Admission of hearing aids to locations where recording and streaming devices are normally not allowed.
- Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf (Terminals for Telephones)
- Video Relay Services
- Closed captioning on television.
- Sign Language Interpretation
- oral transliteration
Accessing services for people with disabilities
Services for people with disabilities vary by state and sometimes by location within a state. While Medicaid and Social Security income, both SSI and SSDI, have a federal mandate, each state is responsible for administering these programs in its state, as part of its services and support for people with a disability. Each state designs its service delivery system differently, and as a result, entry portals vary for each state. Some states administer services through a state government agency with subordinate offices throughout the state. Some states contract out services (privatize) and maintain a minimal state government staff. Being a good advocate or self-defense is necessary to maximize services and support.