Building Inspection: What is ITE and when should it be done?
The Building Inspection is a mandatory control system of residential buildings, with which it is confirmed that the owner complies with his duty of rehabilitation and conservation. In addition, it serves to check the security level of the property and its inhabitants.
From a visual inspection carried out by specialized technicians such as architects, building engineers, or surveyors, a technical report is drawn up that determines the state of the common elements of the building and the deficiencies revealed that could cause risk situations for the safety of their habitats.
When do you have to pass the ITE or building inspection?
After the building is 50 years old, it is mandatory to successfully pass the building inspection, at least every 10 years, since architectural studies show that a building with these characteristics may have damaged or damaged elements, which put safety at risk of its inhabitants.
On urban rehabilitation, regeneration and renovation oblige the owners of buildings older than 50 years, residential or collective dwellings, to carry out this technical report that, at least, must be composed of:
- Evaluation of the state of conservation of the building .
- Evaluation of the basic conditions of universal accessibility and non-discrimination of people with disabilities to access and use the building, in accordance with current regulations, establishing whether the building is susceptible or not to make reasonable adjustments to satisfy them.
- The certification of the building’s energy efficiency , with the content and through the procedure established for it by current regulations.
What does a qualified technician value to perform the building inspection?
The technician performs a first face-to-face and visual inspection of the building, to detect possible damages that mainly affect the structure of the construction on facades and roofs, security, tightness, general plumbing and sanitation networks, and, on the other hand, the correct accessibility of the building.
In principle, it is not necessary for the technician to have to access the interior of the private homes, although if he detects any assumption that may be relevant to prepare the report, such as internal structural damage that could affect the stability of the entire building, it is mandatory to allow you access.
Performing a full building inspection by a qualified technician can be resolved in approximately a week, depending on the size of the building and the deficiencies found.
When is building inspection considered favorable?
As soon as the professional in charge of the technical building inspection certifies that the analyzed building is in good condition and that it meets the essential safety conditions for the inhabitants and those who are in the radius of the building, the building inspection will be approved. In this case, the same technician will be the one who will process the necessary documentation for the relevant bodies to present the favorable resolution of the building.
Otherwise, if there are important or very serious deficiencies, the inspection will be resolved as unfavorable , so it will be necessary to carry out a building reform project, according to the specifications indicated by the technician.
The fact of not receiving the approval of the building inspection can generate consequences for the owner of the building or the neighborhood community, such as fines, denial of mortgages, or the stoppage of the property sale process, in the event that it is in this case. On the other hand, if one or some of the residents of the building refused to carry out the reforms proposed by the technician within the established deadlines, new fines could be imputed and the ITE would end up being developed through a court order, the cost of which should be assumed by the owners.
To face the process before an unfavorable ITE it will be necessary:
- Apply for the building license to the town hall that corresponds to the location of the building.
- Wait for the Execution Order from the town hall.
- Request different estimates from construction or reform companies specialized in this type of rehabilitation.
- Establish the conditions for financing the rehabilitation to designate spills, if necessary, especially in neighboring communities.
- Carry out the rehabilitation of the works indicated in the report carried out by the technician, within the established period.
- Contract the Certificate of Suitability to justify and verify the reforms carried out.
- Present the Certificate of Suitability to the corresponding town hall.
How much does an ITE cost?
It will essentially depend on the fees of the hired technician, the size of the building to be inspected, and the state in which it is located. A small multi-family residential building, with 3 or 4 neighbors, for example, can cost around $ 500, while in a very large building, with more than 50 homes, the price would range between $ 3,000 and $ 4,000.
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